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INSTITUTE OF EARTH CRYOSPHERE (IEC SB RAS)

The Institute carries out studies in the framework of research domain Cryogenic natural processes and dynamics of cryopedological conditions.

History: IEC SB RAS was created in 1991 to develop basic studies of cryogenesis in the evolution of geospheres and to develop research basis of natural resources use in the North.

The main objective of IEC SB RAS is to carry out basic research studies in Cryogenic natural processes and dynamics of cryopedological conditions and applied studies in priority domains of science and technology development.

Presently basic studies are carried out in relation to problems included into research direction The state of natural cryogenic geosystems and forecast of their development:

1. Evolution of cryogenic conditions, processes and formation.

2. Cryosphere resources in natural resources use.

3. Environmental consequences of mans impact on cryosphere.

The Institute made an important contribution into cryology of the Earth and other planets in relation to the environment of Arctic and northern territories; cryogenic conditions, processes and formations; information and cartographical models; RTUU models of physicochemical processes; kinetics of hydrates formation; resistance of cryobiogeocenoses to man-caused impacts and other domains.

On the basis of data obtained by researchers in the course of geocryological field studies in different regions of Russia including shelf of the arctic seas (Barents, Kara and Laptev) as well as on the basis of literary data the following pioneer monographs are written and published:

- Fartyshev A.I. Peculiar features of near-shore and offshore cryolite zones of Laptev Sea;

- Melnikov V.P., Spesivtsev V.I. Engineering, geological and geocryological conditions of Barents and Kara seas shelf.

In the process of submerged cryolite zone analysis a hypothesis is set up to explain ice packs presence in quaternary deposits of Pechora shelf with air effect shows appearing while hydrocarbon deposits jet degassing. On the basis of this hypothesis using acoustic data, hydrocarbon fields exploration criterion is offered. Presence of ice diapers and gas kicks are confirmed by drilling.

In the framework of its international relations the Institute carries out the following activities:

study of frozen rocks, soils and growth of Yamal tundra in accordance with the international programmes Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) and International tundra experiment (I) under the aegis of International Permafrost Association (I) with the purpose to create Global geocryological database (GGD);

investigations under international S project [Compact Disc International Permafrost Association, Data and Information Working Group, comp.1998. Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System (CAPS) version 1.0];

field studies in the north of Western Siberia on Baydaratskaya Bay shore in the area of Shplinder tract in accordance with Co-operation Agreement between Earth and Environmental Sciences Department of the University of Illinois (Chicago, USA), Earth Science Centre (Goteborg, Sweden), IEC SB RAS and Oil and Gas Research Centre (Riga, Latvia);

realisation of the first stage of Russian-Norwegian project Oil spills in permafrost zone of the Russian Arctic;

organisation of annual international conferences on basic problems of Earth cryology from 1996 (April, Puschino);

organisation of NATO conference on Permafrost Response on Economic Development, Environmental Security and Natural Resource Potential (November 1998, Novosibirsk).
  2005-2007  Tyumen Scentific Center SB RAS About  | StructureEducation and ScienceInformational resources